Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR)

The Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) is the proposed international cross-border high-speed rail system that would connect Jurong East, Singapore and Bandar Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 90 minutes. The Kuala Lumpur-Singapore HSR is a strategic project between the Governments of Malaysia and Singapore. If the project proceeds, it will operate with both domestic Malaysia services and international cross-border services.

Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) Route Map

TRAINS1M2 KL Singapore HSR

*NOTE: Route is speculative based on current available information and services, pending the project restarting on 1 January 2021.

Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) Service Patterns

International Express Service

The Kuala Lumpur-Singapore International Express Service will run non-stop between the terminals every 30 minutes from Bandar Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur to Jurong East, Singapore with a journey time of 90 minutes. Passengers will clear Malaysia and Singapore immigration and customs prior to boarding at the origin station.

Malaysia Domestic Service

The Malaysia Domestic Service is a local service that will stop at all 7 intermediate stations within Malaysia namely Bandar Malaysia, Sepang-Putrajaya, Seremban, Ayer Keroh, Muar, Batu Pahat and Iskandar Puteri. The Malaysia Domestic Service will run every 30 minutes from Bandar Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur to Iskandar Puteri, Gerbang Nusajaya with a journey time of 120 minutes.

Iskandar Puteri – Jurong East Shuttle Service

The Iskandar Puteri – Jurong East Shuttle Service is a cross-border shuttle which will run between Iskandar Puteri, Gerbang Nusajaya, Malaysia and Jurong East, Singapore with a journey time of 15 minutes. Train frequency is unknown for now. Passengers will clear Malaysia and Singapore immigration and customs prior to boarding at the origin station.

Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) Train Schedule

To be announced at a later stage.

Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) Fares

Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) fares will be market-based and will neither follow Singapore’s or Malaysia’s existing bus or rail fare structures, nor the cross-border bus and train fare arrangement at the end of the Interchangeability Agreement on 8 May 1973 where passengers pay in Malaysian Ringgit or Singapore Dollars depending on the country of departure.

International Express Service

Fares may be subject to dynamic pricing.

Malaysia Domestic Service

To be announced at a later stage.

Fares may be subject to dynamic pricing.

Iskandar Puteri – Jurong East Shuttle Service

To be announced at a later stage.

Fares may be subject to dynamic pricing.

How to Buy Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) Ticket

To be announced at a later stage.

Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) Rolling Stock

To be announced at a later stage.

History of Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR)

The Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) as we know it today was discussed and proposed during the Singapore-Malaysia Leaders’ Retreat on 24 May 2010 as part of the Malaysia-Singapore Points of Agreement Supplement 2010, targeted to be operational by 2020. This includes the reverting of Malaysian KTM land in Singapore back to Singapore’s ownership. Thereafter Malaysia may consider to relocate the KTMB Station from Woodlands to Johor.

KTM Singapore Sector 30 June 2019 078

On 19 February 2013, then-Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak and Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Hsien Loong formally agreed to go ahead with the HSR project. At the meeting, it was announced that the high-speed rail proposal would be finalised by end of 2014 with a targeted completion date of 2020.

On 7 April 2014, during the Leaders’ Retreat, the possible locations for the high-speed rail terminus in Singapore was narrowed down to Tuas West, Jurong East or the Downtown Core.

On 6 February 2015, the Malaysia-Singapore Joint Ministerial Committee for Iskandar Malaysia (JMCIM) released a press statement stating that Singapore had announced Jurong East as the final location for the high-speed rail terminus. However, the terminus would not be connected to the Jurong East MRT Station.

On 19 July 2016, Singapore and Malaysia signed a Memorandum of Understanding witnessed by both then-Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak and Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Hsien Loong. It was signed by Singapore Transport Minister and Coordinating Minister for Infrastructure Khaw Boon Wan and then-Malaysian Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Abdul Rahman Dahlan. This includes the border crossing of the HSR via a 25-metre-high bridge link near the Malaysia–Singapore Second Link, and three train service patterns to be operated by two operators. This was the same meeting that the leaders agreed on technical details for the Johor Bahru–Singapore Rapid Transit System (RTS) link.

On 31 December 2016, Jurong Country Club closed to make way for the Jurong East terminus of the HSR and new surrounding developments.

On 16 February 2017, LTA and MyHSR awarded the HSR joint development partner (JDP) contract to a consortium comprising WSP Engineering Malaysia, Mott MacDonald Malaysia and Ernst & Young Advisory Services to provide management support, technical advice on systems and operations, develop safety standards and help prepare tender documents for the joint project team of LTA and MyHSR. In the same month, it announced that the Singapore terminus would be designed by British architecture firm Farrells.

On 17 October 2017, the Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak announced that the land acquisition process has begun in Malaysia for the HSR project and also the station designs.

On 5 April 2018, MyHSR Corp announced a consortium of Malaysian Resources and Gamuda will build the northern part, and a consortium of Syarikat Pembenaan Yeoh Tiong Lay and TH Properties the southern part of the HSR. The tender process for the Singapore tunnel sections was started in April 2018 with the start of construction expected in 2019.

During campaigning, the former Prime Minister and Opposition leader, Dr Mahathir Mohamad threatened to cancel or at least delay the HSR project if he won the 14th Malaysian general election.

On 28 May 2018, Mahathir confirmed that Malaysia will scrap the HSR project, citing its high construction costs and downplaying its benefits. Singapore’s Ministry of Transport did not receive an official notification that the project had been cancelled.

On 12 June 2018, during an official visit to Japan, Mahathir mentioned that the HSR project was only postponed until Malaysia was in better financial conditions.

Suggested revisions to reduce the HSR project costs include upgrading and re-gauging the existing meter gauge Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) line to allow new trains to run at 200 km/h, with a new branch line to Jurong East so that bilateral agreement is “not violated”.

(RailTravel Station’s note: This upgrading and re-gauging idea would only classify the new train service as Higher-Speed Rail (HrSR) and not High-Speed Rail (HSR). There would thus technically be no HSR with this idea – a fundamental issue in the bilateral agreement.)

On 31 July 2018, Raffles Country Club closed (146 hectares) to make way for the HSR tunnel portal from the 25-metre-high bridge link near the Malaysia–Singapore Second Link to Jurong East terminus and the future Cross Island Line’s (CRL) western depot. (On 17 April 2020, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) announced the new Integrated Train Testing Centre (ITTC) (50 hectares) to be located at the former Raffles Country Club site.)

On 5 September 2018, Singapore and Malaysia formally agreed to postpone the construction of the HSR project until 31 May 2020, with Malaysia having to pay Singapore S$15 million for abortive costs incurred by the deferment of the HSR project.

In a joint statement, Singapore and Malaysia also announced that the HSR express service is now expected to commence by Jan 1, 2031, four years later than the second-announced start date of Dec 31, 2026. A new agreement was then signed by Malaysia’s then-Economic Affairs Minister Azmin Ali and Singapore’s Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan at the Prime Minister’s Office in Putrajaya.

On 31 January 2019, Malaysia remitted S$15 million in abortive costs to Singapore.

On 17 April 2020, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) announced the new Integrated Train Testing Centre (ITTC) (50 hectares) to be located at the former Raffles Country Club site.

On 29 May 2020, Singapore was considering a request by the Malaysian government to extend the suspension of the HSR project. Malaysia asked to extend the suspension period to allow both sides to discuss the changes they have in mind.

On 31 May 2020, Singapore Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan said that Singapore had agreed to the HSR project suspension until 31 December 2020. This will be the final suspension of the HSR project.

On 25 November 2020, Free Malaysia Today reported that two unidentified but well-placed sources revealed that the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) project is expected to resume without Singapore’s participation, and will terminate in in Johor Bahru instead of Singapore.

On 26 November 2020, Singapore’s Ministry of Transport (MOT) confirms that Malaysia has proposed some changes to the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) project, and Singapore has been discussing them in good faith with Malaysia. The MOT spokesman told The Straits Times: “Singapore continues to believe that the HSR project is beneficial for both countries, and remains fully committed to fulfilling our obligations under the HSR bilateral agreement. We will make our best efforts to conclude discussions with Malaysia by Dec 31, 2020.” The spokesman said that if, by Dec 31, Malaysia does not proceed with the project, “under our agreements with Malaysia, Malaysia will bear the agreed costs incurred by Singapore in fulfilling the HSR bilateral agreement”.

On 27 November 2020, Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department (Economy) Mustapa Mohamed said Malaysia is negotiating with Singapore on proposals made by Malaysia to improve the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) project. Mustapa, also known as Tok Pa, said the two countries had until Dec 31 to complete the negotiation process.

(RailTravel Station’s note: If the HSR project is ultimately cancelled on 1 January 2021, Singapore would have to recover at least S$250 million (2018 figures) from Malaysia for costs incurred in accordance with the bilateral agreement and with international law.)

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